Planting

Step#1 Dig the planting hole

  • Twice as wide as the root ball and slightly shallower
  • Measure the rootball before placing it in the hole
  • Loosen the floor of the hole somewhat to allow for drainage and root growth if the sides of the hole have become glazed as a result of digging (mainly wet clay soils) then the sides of the hole need to be loosened to allow for root growth and drainage.
  • Remove bottom 1/3 of wire basket before placing in hole.

Step#2 Place the tree in the planting hole

  • Carefully place tree in planting hole lifting underneath the rootball, not the trunk.
  • Check tree to make sure that it is about one inch higher than the soil level (to allow for settling) and vertically straight from all angles.

Step#3 Backfill

  • Backfill evenly around rootball using the soil from the planting hole
  • Break up clods and other weeds.
  • Use plenty of water while adding dirt. Take your time and allow the dirt to relax around the rootball.
  • Gently press soil of the planting hole with hands to remove large air pockets that could damage or kill roots, being careful not to compact the soil.
  • The finished level of backfill should be continuously even and basically level from the edge of the planting hole to the rootball with no more than one inch of backfill covering the rootball

Step#4 Create a basin

  • Form a temporary water basin around the outside edge of the rootball about three inches high and firm soil into place with hands.

Step#5 Mulch the exposed soil

  • Two to four inches thick
  • Keep about two inches away from trunk to reduce crown rot and damage from rodents.

Step#6 Water

  • Fill the well with water after planting (repeat this once a day for the next 2 days)
  • Do not pack or stamp wet soil as compaction of soil air spaces will result
  • Routinely as needed, soile should not dry out completely

Step#7 Staking and Tying

  • Use a strap and remove after 1 growing season

Step#8 Fertilize ???

  • Do not fertilize at time of planting
  • Wait a year before fertilizing and do not fertilize in summer